At some point, additional treatment may be recommended. Women with diabetes who become pregnant should have a comprehensive dilated eye exam as soon as possible. Diabetic eye disease is a group of eye conditions that can affect people with diabetes. However, close monitoring is essential. If you have diabetes it is extremely important that you reply to the letter you have received in order to express your interest in taking part in the eye screening. There are different types of retinopathy: background retinopathy, maculopathy and proliferative retinopathy. http://www.alabamascholars.org/williamhallpoint/2016/11/04/an-insightful-examination-of-locating-core-elements-in-keratoconus/Chronically high blood sugar from diabetes is associated with damage to the tiny blood vessels in the retina, leading to diabetic retinopathy. no dataIn adults, diabetes nearly doubles the risk of glaucoma.
There.re no early-stage symptoms of diabetic retinopathy and vision loss may not occur until the disease is advanced. The damaged vessels can have bulges in their walls aneurysms, they can leak blood into the surrounding jellylike material vitreous that fills the inside of the eyeball, they can become completely closed, or new vessels can begin to grow where there would not normally be any: although these new blood vessels are growing in the eye, they cannot nourish the retina and they bleed easily, releasing blood into the inner region of the eyeball, which can cause dark spots and cloudy vision. People who keep their blood sugar levels closer to normal are less likely to have retinopathy or to have milder forms. For more details about complications and symptoms, see symptoms of retinopathy . Other trials have shown that controlling elevated blood pressure and cholesterol can reduce the risk of vision loss among peoples with diabetes. Vitrectomy is another surgery commonly needed for diabetic patients who suffer a vitreous haemorrhage bleeding in the gel-like substance that fills the centre of the eye. Preventing diabetic retinopathy Strategies for preventing diabetic retinopathy include: Effective diabetes management – including better control of blood sugar levels, blood pressure and cholesterol. Most people with non proliferative retinopathy have no symptoms. These burns seal the blood vessels and stop them from growing and leaking. Surgery often slows or stops the progression of diabetic retinopathy, but it’s not a cure. Almost all people with diabetes show signs of retinal damage after about 20 years of living with the condition. Hypertensive retinopathy — Medications can lower blood pressure. If retinal detachments or tears occur, they are often sealed with laser surgery.